• Smart AC
    • Sensibo Sky

      Smart AC Control

    • Sensibo Air

      Next-Gen Smart AC Control

    • Sensibo Air Pro

      The world’s #1 Smart AC Control

    • Sensibo Air + Room Sensor

      For improved home automation

  • Smart Air Quality
  • Accessories
    • Room Sensor

      For improved home automation

    • Shield AC Filters

      For improved home automation

    • Pure Filters

      Subscribe for auto-renewal

  • Plans
  • About Sensibo

    About Sensibo

    Bringing smart management of indoor climate to your home or business

  • Our Impact

    Our Impact

    Mitigating climate change & making an impact around the world.

  • Our Blog

    Our Blog

    Read insights from the leaders in smart air conditioning & indoor air quality solutions

  • Careers


    Check out our open positions

  • Support & FAQ

    Support & FAQ

    Need help? Check out our FAQs or reach out to our team

  • Press


    The essential resource hub for press

  • Investors


    Invest in the Future of Sustainability and AI

  • Contact Us

    Contact Us

    We’re here to help. Reach out and let’s chat

  • News


    Latest news and press releases from Sensibo

  • Affiliate Program

    Affiliate Program

    Promote green living and earn with Sensibo’s affiliate program

    • Senisbo Air Pro selected as TIME 2023 Best invention Special Mention

What is the Hottest Time of the Day? Be Prepared for the Heat

6 minute read

Knowledge of the hottest time during the day helps an individual in several ways, such as planning the day, avoiding certain health risks, and ensuring safety under sweltering conditions. For instance, moving work or outdoor exercise to cooler parts of the day can prevent illnesses from heat, such as heat exhaustion and heatstroke. In addition, the information helps in better management of energy on cooling systems, making an optimally used expenditure of resources and bringing down utility bills. With knowledge of the hottest parts of the day, people are in the correct position to make wise decisions about remaining safe and healthy when intense heat is present.

The Science Behind Daily Temperature Changes

The position of the sun in the sky mainly determines the temperature on Earth. When rising in the morning, its rays hit the Earth at a shallow angle, providing less intense solar radiation. With the passage of the day and the rise of the sun in the sky, the angles of the solar beam become more direct; the more direct the solar radiation received, the greater the warming effect on the land surface. This effect continues up to the latest point, the highest position of the sun in the sky, referred to as solar noon.

The Role of Solar Radiation in Heating the Earth's Surface

Solar radiation is the energy from the sun or a primary source that heats the Earth's surface. When the sun's radiations reach the Earth, the energy they transmit is heat. Various surfaces like soil, water, buildings, and vegetation further absorb such heat. Darker and denser materials can absorb much more heat than lighter and less dense ones. The absorbed heat thus generated is then reradiated back into the atmosphere so that it warms the air slowly.

photo_2024-06-28_18-02-36 (1)

Lag Between Solar Noon and Peak Daily Temperature

The interesting point about the hottest time of the day, compared to solar noon, is that no one ever feels it is the hottest time on Earth when it is precisely solar noon, with maximum solar elevation. In fact, the hottest time of the day usually follows a few hours after noon. The delay appears since the sun's rays reach the Earth most directly at noon, and the Earth's surface continues to absorb and reradiate heat for some hours after that. During this period, more heat is absorbed by the Earth than is lost to the atmosphere, and temperatures rise.

Typically, peak temperature is achieved during the late part of the afternoon, primarily between 2 and 4 pm, because of reasons like geographic location, local weather, and surface characteristics. The phenomenon is explained in terms of thermal inertia, whereby the Earth's surface and atmosphere require some time to warm up and cool down; hence, peak temperature is delayed.

Understanding these scientific principles about daily temperature changes helps explain why certain times of the day are hotter and how one should plan activities or safety measures accordingly.

At What Time of the Day is it Hottest?

The hottest time of day is between 2 pm and 4 pm. Solar noon is about 12 pm, but the maximum temperature usually comes later because the Earth's surface has thermal inertia.

The Hottest Time by Region:

  • Tropics: In tropical climates, with constantly high temperatures and humidity, the hottest part of the day usually falls between 1 pm and 3 pm. The high temperatures are attributed to the fact that their intensity is almost close to the equator, allowing for a high absorption of direct sunlight in heating the surface very fast.
  • Desert Areas: There is a fast temperature rise since the air is very arid; the maximum temperature usually occurs between 2 pm and 4 pm. This is because the ground heats up more rapidly.
  • Temperate Regions: usually 3–5 pm; the lag is more conspicuous in temperate climates because of saturation with considerable sunlight and medium humidity.
  • High Latitude: In high-latitude locations, maximum temperature can occur somewhat after the middle of the day, generally around 4 to 5 pm, primarily through the long days of summer.

photo_2024-06-28_17-59-03 (1)

Factors Influencing Peak Temperature

Understanding the time of day when the temperature peaks is helpful for activity planning and ensuring safety during extreme heat. It also guides the proper use of energy. This is more useful during summer and when the temperature becomes too hard to bear; this information can help prevent heat-related illnesses and generally make you comfortable.

Apparent air temperature is mainly affected by humidity — the level of moisture in the air, which is usually measured by the heat index. The heat index is a measure of the warmth of air in relation to its given relative humidity levels, expressed as "feels-like" temperature. The higher the humidity level, the more the high humidity replaces an individual's ability to cool off the body due to the evaporation of sweat, hence making it feel hotter than the air actually is. On the contrary, low humidity in dry conditions may not feel much warmer than it really is, even when the reading on the thermometer is very high. 

Cloud Cover and Weather Patterns

Cloud cover can significantly change daily temperature variations. On a clear sunny day when the sky is cloud-free, the sun's rays directly heat the surface of the Earth; this causes higher peak temperatures. On the other hand, cloudy or overcast conditions may reflect and absorb solar radiation, thus sinking the peak temperatures. The weather can also vary with temperature because of the existence of high pressure. High-pressure systems typically tend to give clear skies and usually stable weather, allowing temperatures to surge higher. Low-pressure systems typically bring cloudier conditions and cooler temperatures. Wind can either make the location cooler caused by the inflow of cooler air or increase the temperatures as it pulls in hot, desiccated air from surrounding land.

Urban vs. Rural Temperatures

There tends to be a general trend of temperatures increasing with a person moving from rural to urban locations. This phenomenon is known as the urban heat island effect. Numerous effects tend to result in this general phenomenon:

  • Concrete and Asphalt: Landscapes designed for human occupation — such as buildings and roads in towns and cities — absorb substantial heat compared to rural areas with naturally occurring landscapes. In the process, the mean temperature, especially in the late afternoon and early evening, becomes higher.
  • Less Greenery: Urban areas have less greenery compared to rural areas, thus having less evapotranspiration cooling effect. Rural areas are cooler because they have more vegetation.
  • Heat Island Effect: Urban areas produce more heat. This is contributed by increased activities such as transportation, industries, and energy use, which increase the territory's temperature.
  • Building Density: In urban areas, buildings are constructed very close to each other. These places then trap the heat, which emanates very slowly.

It generates peak temperatures in cities that are radically high, at times 5–10°F (3–6°C) higher than those in the surroundings. This affects understanding and mitigating urban heat islands, which is especially important to city planners and residents during high temperatures.

photo_2024-06-28_18-00-25 (1)

Health and Safety Considerations

Potential Health Hazards Around Peak Heat Times

  • Heat Exhaustion occurs when the body loses too much water and salt through sweating. Heavy sweating, weakness, dizziness, nausea, headache, and muscle cramps are probable symptoms. If not treated, heat exhaustion can lead to more severe conditions called heatstroke.
  • Heatstroke: This is a potentially lethal medical condition in which the body has completely stopped regulating its temperature, with a core body temperature rising above 104°F and causing central nervous system dysfunctions. Symptoms include hot, headache, dry skin, confusion, seizures, and loss of consciousness.
  • Dehydration: Too much loss of body fluids leads to dehydration, characterized by dry mouth, thirst, dark-colored urine, drowsiness, and lightheadedness. More severe cases of dehydration can cause the failure of critical bodily functions and increase the severe effects associated with heat-related problems.
  • Sunburn: The sun's UV radiation can cause sunburn, which includes the painful reddening of skin. Repeated sunburns raise the risk of developing skin cancer and premature skin aging.

Need for Hydration and Sun Protection

  • Hydrate: Keep the body well-hydrated by drinking lots of water. This will keep your body temperature in check and prevent heat illnesses. Take enough water during the day, even if you do not feel like drinking. Avoid alcoholic and caffeinated drinks since they add to the dehydration process.
  • Sun Protection: Slather on broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 to safeguard your skin from UV damage. Reapply every two hours and after swimming or excessive sweating. Wear sun-protective clothing, including a long-sleeved shirt, wide-brimmed hat, and sunglasses to protect skin and eyes from the sun.

photo_2024-06-28_18-01-08 (1)

Cool-Down Tips During the Hottest Part of the Day

  • Limit Outdoor Activities: Schedule strenuous activities in the early morning or late evening when the temperature is cooler.
  • Take Frequent Breaks: Take breaks in shaded or air-conditioned areas if working outside during peak heat.
  • Stay Indoors: Stay in an air-conditioned environment during the hottest parts of the day. If you do not have air conditioning, please go to public places like shopping malls, libraries, or community centers.
  • Use Fans and Ventilation: Run a fan — it will circulate air, creating a cooling effect. Open windows during the coolest part of the day to allow natural ventilation to occur.
  • Cool Your Body: Take cool showers or baths to bring down the temperature of the body. Put damp cloths or use ice packs around the neck, wrists, and ankles to cool.

Knowing what time of day the temperature will be most severe and what drives high temperatures is essential for anyone who wants to ensure comfort and safety in hot conditions. Recognizing the standard timing patterns of peak heat, interaction with humidity and cloud cover, an urban setting, and proactive health and safety measures will set you up for success in dealing with the heat. 

Shop sensibo Smart Products
Once upon a time any A/C became smart sensing

The device that pays for itself. Maximize comfort and savings

Sign up & save 5% on your first order!

Stay up to date on the latest sales, product releases & news